"Oh this is a happy day, this will have been another happy day. After all. So far."
Samuel Beckett's HAPPY DAYS is truly one of the great roles for any actress: actors may have the Shakespearean kings to look forward to as they get older, women have Winnie in HAPPY DAYS.
I had never seen the play before but I read it two years ago so was disappointed that Natalie Abrahami's Young Vic production last year sold out quickly. However it has now been revived so jumped at the chance to finally experience the play's power in person - which is how HAPPY DAYS should be experienced.
Beckett wrote the English version of HAPPY DAYS in 1961 (he would also write a French version as was his custom) and the part was first played on the London stage by Brenda Bruce. In 1976, Peggy Ashcroft played it at the National Theatre and she reflected that Winnie "was a part that actresses will want to play in the way that actors aim at HAMLET - a summit part". Beckett told Brenda Bruce that who could cope with all that Winnie has to and still go down singing but a woman?
1n 1979 Beckett directed a revival at the Royal Court with his favourite interpreter. Billie Whitelaw. She later wrote that when she read it for the first time she wondered "how this man could have written the story of my life so long before he knew me?" For Winnie, does in her extreme state, what we all do - we get through the day as best we can. We chatter about what is around us and recollect memories to keep the darkness at bay.
Beckett actually left the rehearsals for two weeks as their intense one-to-one method was, for the first time, beginning to stress Billie out. She contacted Brenda Bruce and asked did she feel that after doing HAPPY DAYS she could learn anything? No, said Bruce, after HAPPY DAYS she felt like she could never learn anything again.
Luckily, Whitelaw's performance was filmed by the BBC and can be seen on YouTube in an uncomfortable tape-to-digital transfer - come on BBC, get this remastered and available on dvd. However even during filming Whitelaw was put through the mill as she was recovering from the flu and had to have cortisone injections on the day of filming to get through it. Seeing this revival only two months after Billie Whitelaw's death made it all the more moving.
In Natalie Abrahami's production which wonderfully balances the humour and the tragedy, Juliet Stevenson was simply astonishing as Winnie, her bright, optimistic chatter as she goes through the pattern of her day only clouding over when her fears overtake her: that she is an object of ridicule to a couple who pass by, that Willie will one day not be there to answer her with his monosyllabic answers.
Her parasol catches fire in the heat of the sun, her medicinal tonic runs out, her toothpaste is nearly squeezed out but still Winnie chatters away, playing with both the revolver and the music box in her bag. And she has her half-remembered quotations and memories: a ball she attended with Willie, a kiss in a garden shed when young, a little girl frightened by a mouse while undressing her doll under a table at night.
In the second act, she is in even more dire straits as she is now buried up to her neck, kept awake by the insistent loud bell and blanched by the heat of the sun. Although her regimented emptying of her bag's contents is lost to her, she can still see it and there is Willie. After all. So far.
Dwarfed by Vicki Mortimer's rockface set with it's path of trickling pebbles and deprived of bodily expression, Stevenson mesmerised with her croaking voice and facial reactions and at the play's climax, when David Beames' decrepit Willie crawls across the ground in his (wedding?) suit to collapse in front of her, she broke my heart with her whispered singing of her music box tune 'The Merry Widow Waltz':
"Every touch of fingers
Tells me what I know,
Says for you,
It's true, it's true,
You love me so"